Foot & Ankle


The ankle and foot joints can become damaged, causing significant pain and immobility. If damaged by arthritis or a traumatic injury, significant dysfunction occurs, limiting a patient’s mobility.

If you are suffering from foot and ankle injury, come to Performance Pain & Sports Medicine for best in class foot and ankle treatment and care.

Often, patients come from other medical practices looking for a solution. We offer fully comprehensive medical care and physical therapy with our advanced regenerative medical treatments and integrated rehabilitation care from our best in class physicians and rehabilitation team of physical therapists, chiropractors and acupuncturist.

Below are the most common conditions that we treat.

Calf Strain: A calf strain happens due to tearing of one or more of the calf muscles, causing pain in the back of the lower leg. 

Calf Strains occur due to a sudden contraction of the calf muscle. This happens when the tension is excessive due to too much repetition or high force. The tears can range from a small partial tear whereby there is minimal pain and minimal loss of function, to a complete rupture which may require surgical reconstruction. Commonly a sudden sharp pain or pulling sensation in the calf muscle is felt at the time of injury. Swelling, tenderness and bruising may also be present.

Compartment Syndrome: Compartment syndrome is characterized by pain and muscle tightness in the lower leg; this can be a result of exercise-induced muscle swelling and localized increase tissue pressure.

Compartment syndrome is usually associated with overuse or a sudden increase in activity. It can also be due to biomechanical abnormalities, such as excessive pronation (flat feet) or supination (high arch). Common symptoms include pain, tightness or busting sensation that can progress to chronic pain with excessive activity. In severe cases, patients may experience weakness, pins and needles in the foot, numbness or a 'dead' feeling in the leg that develops with ongoing activity.

”Ankle ”Ankle


Sprained Ankle: A sprained ankle is characterized by damage and tearing of the soft tissue and ligaments of the ankle. The lateral (outside) ligament is the most commonly affected. 

An ankle sprain commonly occurs during activities involving jumping and landing, or, activities requiring rapid changes in direction, especially on uneven surfaces. Ankle sprains can range from a small partial tear resulting in minimal pain, to a complete rupture resulting in significant pain and disability. Noticeable pain and swelling generally occur on the outside of the ankle, as well as an increase in pain with certain movements that place the lateral ligaments on stretch.

Metatarsal Stress Fracture: A metatarsal stress fracture is characterized by an incomplete fracture of one of the metatarsal bones of the foot.

A stress fracture of the metatarsal occurs over time with activities such as running, sprinting, jumping or dancing. They often occur following a recent increase in activity or change in training conditions. Pain is typically experienced in the forefoot which increases with impact activities and may decrease with rest. Symptoms may radiate to other areas of the foot, occasionally swelling or discoloration may be noticed at the location of the stress fracture.

Morton’s Neuroma: Morton's neuroma is characterized by localized swelling of the nerve and soft tissue located between two of the long bones of the foot (metatarsals). 

Morton’s Neuroma most commonly occurs between the 3rd and 4th metatarsal bones, which can result in pain, pins and needles, or numbness in the forefoot or toes. Common symptoms include sharp, shooting or burning pain, usually at the base of the forefoot or toes, which radiates into the two affected toes.

Navicular Stress Fracture: A navicular stress fracture is characterized by an incomplete fracture in the navicular bone located in the mid-foot at the top of the arch.

A navicular stress fracture occurs over time due to excessive weight bearing activities such as running, sprinting, and jumping. A navicular stress fracture presents with poorly localized pain in the arch of the foot which tends to increase with activity and decreases with rest. As symptoms worsen, a limp during weight bearing activity may be present.

Plantar Fasciitis: Plantar fasciitis is characterized by damage and inflammation to the connective tissue on the sole of the foot forming the inner arch. It is the most common cause of heel pain.

Plantar fasciitis commonly occurs due to repetitive activities, it often occurs in association with a tight calf muscle, inappropriate footwear, or excessive pronation (flat feet) or supination (high arches). Pain with plantar fasciitis usually occurs at the attachment of the plantar fascia to the heel bone. It may cause an ache or stiffness in the plantar fascia or heel that increases with rest (typically at night or first thing in the morning) following activities which place stress on the plantar fascia. Other common symptoms are swelling, tenderness on firmly touching the plantar fascia often on a specific spot on the inner aspect of the heel.

Chronic Tendonitis: Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s

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Chronic Plantar Fasciitis: Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s

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